Virtual power plants pool energy from a broad variety of plant types and forward it to the distribution networks that are connected to them. To do this, they must be able to strike a balance between the over- and under-supply of power that occurs when renewable sources of energy are used. For this reason, most combined power plants are equipped with energy storage systems.
In Europe, more heat is wasted during electricity production than is needed to heat all buildings. Therefore, the potential for improvements in the heating sector is immense. By collecting the wasted heat from both industry and electricity production and using smart district heating grids, it is possible to save all of the natural gas currently used for heating buildings in Europe. This would result in not only monetary savings, but also in a consideration CO2 emissions reduction.
Incheon is turning itself into the business hub of Northeast Asia. The city has a well-established transportation network including Incheon International Airport -- which was ranked first in airport service quality by the Airports Council for 10 consecutive years -- Incheon port and the international business complex. Boasting a highly effective business environment, the IFEZ offers almost everything from logistics and medical services to education and cutting-edge industries.
The Smart City Berlin Network is a working group initiated by Berlin Partner for Business and Technology and TSB (Technology Foundation Berlin) that includes more than 100 companies as well as science and research institutes from Berlin that seek to promote Berlin as a smart city and want to see Berlin ranked among the leading smart cities in Europe.
With its ambition to be the world’ s leading nucleus for innovative smart city and smart stadium solutions, the Amsterdam ArenA Innovation Center (AAIC) offers effective resources for research, development and education. The Innovation Center supports global leading players in creating their newest innovations for smart experience and smarter living environments on a global scale.
AMS aims to become an internationally leading institute where talent is educated and engineers, designers, digital engineers and natural/social scientist jointly develop and valorise interdisciplinary metropolitan solutions. AMS is centred on applied technology in urban themes such as water, energy, waste, food, data and mobility, and the integration of these themes. AMS will develop a deep understanding of the city – sense the city -, design solutions for its challenges, and integrate these into the city. In that, Amsterdam is its home base and test bed.
The Valencia InnDEA Foundation is a body promoted by the Valencia Town Council with the aim of supporting and encouraging development in the city by innovation in its various forms. InnDEA Valencia acts on the business system, in which it favours innovation in the productive sectors of the city of Valencia; on local administration, promoting urban innovation applications to modernise municipal services and give citizens a faster and more efficient response; and on the city, making it both habitable and sustainable and at the same time an international point of reference.
Code for Europe aims to use technology and open data to make cities more efficient and sustainable. They strive to solve local civic challenges, by enabling agile temporary teams of developers to create solutions that are easily reuseable in other European cities.
Future Cities Catapult accelerates urban ideas to market, to grow the economy and make cities better. They bring together businesses, universities and city leaders so that they can work with each other to solve the problems that cities face.
Copenhagen Connecting is a concept for a digital infrastructure that enables the deployment of smart city solutions in the city. The program creates compatibility across systems by aggregating data from the city's infrastructures like roads, heating, utilities etc. The smart operation of the system enables significant annual cost reduction thanks to efficient operation and continuous monitoring. The program won the 2014 Barcelona World Expo's Smart City Award.